Cambodia

Its population counts to 15.7 million in 2017, accounted for 2.5% of total ASEAN population.
The garment industry is considered as the biggest source of the economy.
Oil and traditional biomass become the dominant energy sources in TPES.
Oil become the main consumption by end user in the TFEC while electricity remains low.

NDC Target

Reduce GHG Emissions (by 2030)

27%
Compared to
Business-as-usual (BAU)

Cambodia’s population is 16.59 million, with a total GDP of around 1,603.0 US$ in 2021[1]. According to the economic report by the ministry of finance, the garment industry is counted as the biggest sector of the economy and acts as the largest share of the country’s exports (70%). Cambodia still faces many challenges in terms of infrastructure and economic performance. However, in 2005, the vast domestic oil and natural gas reserves were discovered. They could significantly speed up Cambodia’s economic growth if they are entirely utilized. However, the government does not have plans for exploration in the near future due to domestic bureaucracy and technical reasons. The capital city of Cambodia is Phnom Penh. Khmer is the official language, while French and English are often used throughout the country.

[1] ASEAN Secretariat. ASEAN Statistical 2022

Cambodia’s population has increased from 15.7 million in 2017 to 16.59 million in 2021, accounting for 2.5% of the total ASEAN population. The population growth has been consistent at the annual rate of 1.2 % to 1.7% since 2014. Cambodia’s economy has been growing steadily in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita since 2009 to a value of 1,603.0 USD in 2021.

[1] Population Growth (annual %) – Cambodia, The World Bank (2021)

[2] GDP per Capita (in USD) – Cambodia, The World Bank (2021)

Oil and traditional biomass become the dominant energy sources in TPES.
In 2021, primary coal imports for Cambodia were 2,854 thousand short tons. Before primary coal imports of Cambodia started to increase to reach a level of 2,854 thousand short tons in 2021, it went through a trough reaching a low of 0 thousand short tons in 2004 [1].

[1] Cambodia – Total Primary Coal Imports

Oil has become the main consumption by end users in the TFEC. Otherwise, electricity looks low in the chart, this also indicates that the country has relatively poor electrification.

NDC Target

Source: UNFCCC NDC Registry – Cambodia
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  • Energy industries, manufacturing industries, transport, and other sectors:

Cambodia intends to undertake actions to reduce GHG emissions, the impact of which is expected to be a maximum reduction of 3,100 Gg CO2eq compared to baseline emissions of 11,600 Gg CO2eq by 2030.

  • Land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF):

Cambodia intends to undertake voluntary and conditional actions to achieve the target of increasing forest cover to 60% of the national land area by 2030. In absence of any actions, the net sequestration from LULUCF is expected to reduce to 7,897 GgCO2 in 2030 compared to the projected sequestration of 18,492 GgCO2 in 2010.

 

NDC Target

Reduce GHG Emissions (by 2030)



27%
Compared to
Business-as-usual (BAU)

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