Thailand is one of the most vulnerable countries to the impact of climate change. Therefore, the country sets their NDC scope

and coverage to economy-wide sectors with the energy sector as the country’s largest GHG emission contributor, accounting for 69.06%

of total emissions in 2018. 

Net Zero Target



Types of energy sources used in TPES of Thailand are diverse, with oil being dominant. This is followed by gas, which the amount has been increasing gradually since 2009. However, the consumption of coal is decreasing at a low dropping rate. These indicate that Thailand is moving towards a cleaner TPES.

Oil is the main energy consumer by the end users and is followed by electricity. Otherwise, the biodiesel sector is for solid growth throughout 2020-2022 as consumption is forecast to increase by 5-10% per year to an average of 5.8-6.5 million liters per day.

NDC Document

Source: UNFCCC NDC Registry – Thailand
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Thailand intends to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent from the projected business-as-usual (BAU) level by 2030. The level of contribution could increase up to 25 percent, subject to adequate and enhanced access to technology development and transfer, financial resources and capacity building support through a balanced and ambitious global agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

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