Lao People’s Democratic Republic is a land-locked country with a population of 7.3 million  in 2021 and a GDP value of USD 19.63 billion. Lao PDR is one of the fastest-growing economies in the region and globally as the GDP growth averaged 3.5% over the last decade. Previously, agriculture constituted the main economic sector, accounting for over 50% of Lao PDR GDP. However recent expansion in manufacturing has been shifting the GDP share in Lao PDR. Currently, the agriculture sector contributes to 23% of Lao PDR GDP while the industry and services sectors contribute to 33% and 37% respectively. The country aims to accelerate its development and end its status as a least-developed country by 2020. Vientiane (or Viangchan) is the capital city of the country, and the official language is Lao.
 ASEAN Secretariat. ASEAN Statistical 2022
Lao PDR’s population has been increasing steadily from 6.7 million in 2017 to 7.3 million in 2021. Nonetheless, it is one of the smallest populations, which contributes only 1.10% of the total ASEAN population. The population is expected to grow at an annual growth rate of 2%, which will be the highest growth rate in ASEAN. On the other hand, the Gross Domestic Products (GDP) per capita of Lao PDRs has been growing at annual growth rates of 3.5 % to 2,693.3 USD in 2021.
 Population Growth (annual %) – Lao PDR, The World Bank (2021)
 GDP per Capita (in USD) – Lao PDR, The World Bank (2021)
Source: UNFCCC NDC – Lao PDR
To secure a future where Lao PDR is capable of mitigating and adapting to changing climatic conditions in a way that promotes sustainable economic development, reduces poverty, protects public health and safety, enhances the quality of Lao PDR’s natural environment, and advances the quality of life for all Lao People.
To achieve the above vision, Lao PDR has outlined the following intended mitigation activities to be implemented in 2015 – 2030.
In 2020 it is estimated that national GHG emissions will be around 53,000 ktCO2e, this has been through the reduction of GHG mitigation measures that have been implemented since 2000. Lao PDR achieved a 34% reduction in emissions between 2000 and 2020 compared to the baseline scenario while the GHG emission growth rate during the period can be estimated at around 0.3% on average annually.
Increase the share of renewables (by 2025)
of the total energy consumption
is sourced from renewable energy
CO2 avoidance from large scale hydroelectricity (2020-2030)
Reduce CO2 emissions from transportation
Increase forest cover
of total land area