Vietnam, with over 98.50 million inhabitants in 2021, is the third largest ASEAN member state by population. The majority of Vietnam’s population works in the agricultural sector. According to the General Statistics Office of Vietnam, the industrial sector contributes around 40% to Vietnam’s GDP with a total GDP of USD 361,95 billion. Since the late 1980s, the economy of Vietnam has been undergoing a reform – modernization and integration into the global economy. Hanoi is the capital and political centre of the country.
 ASEAN Secretariat. ASEAN Statistical Highlight 2022
Vietnam is the 3rd populous country in ASEAN after the Indonesia and Philippines with 98.50 million people in 2021, 14.83% of the total ASEAN population. Vietnam’s population is expected to grow at the rate of 0.9% annually which had been consistent for the past 10 years since 2008. In contrast with the population figure, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of Vietnam is the 5th lowest in ASEAN with 3,674.4 USD at the same level as the Philippines’ GDP per capita.
 Population Growth (annual %) – Vietnam, The World Bank (2021)
 GDP per Capita (in USD) – Vietnam, The World Bank (2021)
Source: UNFCCC NDC Registry – Vietnam
Vietnam has increased its emissions reduction target from 9% unconditionally and 27% conditionally in 2020 to 15.8% unconditionally and 43.5% conditionally in 2022 in the energy, agriculture, LULUCF, waste, and industrial processes sectors.
Reduce GHG Emissions (by 2030)