Myanmar

It is the second largest country in ASEAN region in terms of land area.
Its population contributes the 8.3% of total ASEAN population or ranks at the 5th.
Traditional biomass remains as the domain, and the use of hydropower in TPES has been increased drastically.
Traditional biomass and other renewables are the main consumers in TFEC.

NDC Target

Realise Electricity Saving Potential (by 2030)

20%

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar (also known as Burma) is the second largest country in Southeast Asia. Its population reached 53.38 million[1] in 2017. The GDP of Myanmar was estimated at 65.6 billion1 USD in 2017. With the abundant amount of natural resources and surplus young demographic, there is an opportunity for economy acceleration in the future. Currently, the most productive economic sectors of Myanmar are power industry as well as oil and gas, that are opened for foreign investment for several sectors. Since August 2016, China has been the largest foreign investor (around 18 billion USD) for Myanmar, followed by Singapore (around 13 billion USD). Nay Pyi Taw is the official capital city of Myanmar, while Yangon (former name was “Rangoon”) is the largest city.

 

[1] ASEAN Secretariat. ASEAN Statistical Leaflet 2018

Myanmar is the 2nd largest country in ASEAN with a total land area of 676,577 km2. It is populated by around 53 million at a growth rate of 0.92% as in 2017  Myanmar’s population contributes the 8.3% of total ASEAN population or ranks at the 5th. On the other hand, Myanmar has a relatively low Gross Domestic Products (GDP) per capita, which is only 1,229 USD in 2017.

Source: ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) Database and ASEAN Statistical Yearbook 2018

Source: ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) Database and ASEAN Statistical Yearbook 2018

Traditional biomass remains as the domain, and the use of hydropower in TPES has been increased drastically from 8% in 2014 to 20% in 2015.

Traditional biomass and other renewables are the main consumers in TFEC, but since 2016 it is decreases. Otherwise, the amount of electricity used has been increasing gradually and this might indicate that the quality of modern energy service in the country has been improved.

NDC Target

Source : UNFCCC NDC Registry – Myanmar
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AEDS

Myanmar is identified as one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. Myanmar’s INDC has been submitted to the UNFCCC in 2015 and ratified the Paris Agreement in 2016. The INDC includes both mitigation and adaptation contributions. Mitigation targets mainly covers Forestry, Electricity and Rural Renewable Energy sectors while adaptation contributions are in line with priority sectors in its NAPA (2012). Forestry sector is one of the most important sectors for mitigation actions and policies. Its targets are area based to:

  • Increase the Reserved Forest (RF) and Protected Public Forest (PPF) to 30% of the total national land area
  • Increase the Protected Areas Systems (PAS) to cover 10% of the total national land area by 2030.

Currently, Myanmar is preparing to complete its NDC report by coming months and to submit UNFCCC in time.

Energy Sector

NDC Target

Increase the share of renewables



30%
of the total renewable energy
in rural electrification

Energy Sector

NDC Target

Distribute energy efficiency cookstoves



260,000
units
(2016-2031)

Energy Sector

NDC Target

Realise electricity saving potential



20%
Compared to
Business-as-usual (BAU)

Energy Sector

NDC Target

Increase the share of hydroelectric generation by 2030



9.4 GW
Compared to
Business-as-usual (BAU)

Forestry Sector

NDC Target

Increase Reserved Forest and Protected Public Forest



30%
of total land area
by 2030

Forestry Sector

NDC Target

Increase Protected Area Systems



10%
of total land area
by 2030

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