Energy Status and Alternative Energy Plans of Major Energy Consumers in Southeast Asia : Indonesia and Thailand


Prattana Kaewpet (a), Sandy A. Kerr (b)



Published Date

January 2018





(a) Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Chalongkrung 1 Rd., Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand. 10520. Tel.: +66 (0)97 939-5269
(b) International Center for Island Technology, School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society, Heriot-Watt Univeristy, Old Academy, Back Road, Stromness, Orkney, KW16 3AW, Scotland. Tel.: +44(0) 1856 850 605.


Southeast Asia comprises an extraordinarily diverse set of countries with vast differences in the scale and patterns of energy use and energy resources endowments. Indonesia and Thailand have been selected to be compared because they are the two largest consumers in energy sector in the region and both countries still similarly rely on energy imports such as oil. They have been facing challenges in energy policy reformation distorting energy markets. The combined energy status of Indonesia and Thailand not only aims at providing policy makers with an understanding of the energy trends and challenges being faced by the countries up to the next two decades, but also at confidently convincing them the future energy pathways to unlocking energy efficiency potential and investment. This work contains data and information on pattern of energy use in the past, present, and future, some economic and political factors that may be affecting energy demand and supply of Indonesia and Thailand. Key energy issues that need to be considered are introduced. The potential future energy pathways are included and compared between the countries. Investment opportunities in each country are also identified.


Kaewpet, Prattana & Kerr, Sandy. (2018). Energy Status and Alternative Energy Plans of Major Energy Consumers in Southeast Asia : Indonesia and Thailand. Advanced Energy: An International Journal. 5. 01-08. 10.5121/aeij.2018.5101.

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